9 Factors That Affect Water Quality

factors that affect water quality


Having clean and safe water is a necessity for the health of you and your family. However, many people are completely unaware of the various factors that have an affect on the water quality in their homes. Bad water quality not only can have negative impacts on your health, but can also lead to problems with your plumbing system. This is why it’s important to understand the different factors that can have an impact on the quality of your water. 


What Factors Affect Water Quality?


what factors affect water quality


There are numerous factors that can affect water quality, ranging from natural to human-caused. In this article, we’re sharing nine of the most common factors and how each one can have an impact on your water. 


1. PH Balance


The pH balance of water refers to its measure of alkalinity or acidity. While distilled water should ideally have a neutral pH level, the pH level of tap water can fluctuate due to various factors. Although you may not be able to detect minor changes in pH levels, substantial variations can result in issues such as disruptions in meal preparation and cooking.


2. Sedimentation


One of the most common pollutants found in tap water is natural mineral deposits. Sediments can accumulate in the plumbing system, resulting in low water pressure or blockages. When high levels of residue dry, a thin film forms on surfaces, which may require filters and other treatment methods to be installed to address the issue. Mineral deposits that have accumulated over time can cause significant harm to your plumbing pipes and fixtures.


3. Runoff


Runoff is the water that flows over the surface of the land during rainfall or snowmelt, carrying with it pollutants and contaminants such as fertilizer, oil, and chemicals. Runoff can contaminate water sources and have harmful effects. 


4. Organic Pollutants


Water quality can be affected by bacteria and other microorganisms present in it, resulting in a decline in its overall quality. The presence of organic contaminants may cause the water to have a foul smell. While basic water filters and treatment methods can assist in dealing with organic pollutants, some microorganisms can be difficult to handle and may pose a significant risk to health and safety if not addressed.


5. Acid Sulfate Soils


Acid sulfate soil is a type of soil that naturally contains metal sulfides. When soil with these chemical compounds is exposed to air, it can release acid and other pollutants such as heavy metals into wetlands and waterways when rewetted, which can negatively impact water quality. This can lead to a decrease in dissolved oxygen and pH levels.


6. Garbage


Litter and garbage can also have a negative impact on water quality. Plastic and other materials can take years to degrade, and organic waste can lead to the growth of harmful bacteria and algae.


7. High Water Usage


Water systems can be strained by high usage, which can have a negative impact on water quality. It is highly likely that your water supply is shared with others in your area, and this collective usage can further stress the water system. In some regions, it may be necessary to upgrade greywater treatment systems to alleviate these issues. When groundwater tables are reduced, the concentration of both natural and human-made pollutants may increase, further degrading water quality.


8. Not Draining Your Water Heater


Not draining the water heater tank annually may result in the buildup of sediment and bacteria, which can adversely affect your water quality and pressure.


9. Plumbing and Fixtures


Every component of your plumbing system, from the pipes to the faucets, can have an impact on the quality of your water. Aged plumbing systems, particularly those with lead pipes, can lead to water contamination. In addition, faucet aerators can affect water quality by causing metal and sediment accumulation, which can be prevented by regularly cleaning and replacing them according to manufacturer recommendations.




factors of water quality


If you have concerns about the quality of your water, don’t hesitate to contact Newman’s Plumbing. Our team of experienced professionals can help assess your water quality and provide advice on how to improve it based on your situation. We also offer drain cleaning, water heater replacement, and trenchless pipe replacement services to ensure your plumbing system is working efficiently. Don’t compromise your health and safety with poor quality water. Call Newman’s Plumbing today at 757-465-0883

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